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Hur skapar man beroende listrutor i Word-dokument?


Som den vänstra skärmdumpen visas måste du begränsa valen i den andra rullgardinsmenyn baserat på alternativet i den första rullgardinsmenyn, hur kan du göra? Den här artikeln visar dig en metod för att skapa beroende rullgardinslistor i ett Word-dokument.

Skapa beroende rullgardinslistor i Word med VBA-kod


Skapa beroende rullgardinslistor i Word med VBA-kod

VBA-koden nedan kan hjälpa dig att skapa en beroende rullgardinslista i ett Word-dokument. Följ instruktionerna steg för steg.

1. För det första måste du infoga två listrutor i ditt Word-dokument. Klick Utvecklare > Äldre formulär > Nedrullningsbart formulärfält. Se skärmdump:

2. Högerklicka på den första rullgardinsmenyn (den här rullgardinsmenyn ska vara den överordnade) och klicka Egenskaper. Se skärmdump:

3. I öppningen Listruta Alternativ för formulärfält dialogrutan måste du:

3.1 Ange kategorin i Listruta rutan och klicka sedan på Lägg till upprepa åtgärden tills alla kategorier läggs till i listrutan Objekt i listrutan.

3.2 Gå in ddmat i Bokmärke låda.

3.3 Klicka på OK knapp. Se skärmdump:

4. Högerklicka på den andra rullgardinsmenyn, klicka Våra Bostäder att öppna sin Listruta Alternativ för formulärfält dialogrutan och i dialogrutan anger du ddCategory i Bokmärke ruta och klicka på OK knapp. Se skärmdump:

5. tryck på andra + F11 nycklar för att öppna Microsoft Visual Basic för applikationer fönster.

6. I Microsoft Visual Basic för applikationer fönstret klickar Insert > Modul, kopiera sedan VBA-koden nedan till modulfönstret.

VBA-kod: Skapa beroende listruta i Word

Sub Populateddfood()
'Update by Extendoffice 2018/10/25
    Dim xDirection As FormField
    Dim xState As FormField
    On Error Resume Next
    Set xDirection = ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddfood")
    Set xState = ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddCategory")
    If ((xDirection Is Nothing) Or (xState Is Nothing)) Then Exit Sub
    With xState.DropDown.ListEntries
        .Clear
        Select Case xDirection.Result
            Case "Fruit"
                .Add "Apple"
                .Add "Banana"
                .Add "Peach"
                .Add "Lychee"
                .Add "Watermelon"
            Case "Vegetable"
                .Add "Cabbage"
                .Add "Onion"
            Case "Meat"
                .Add "Pork"
                .Add "Beef"
                .Add "Mutton"
        End Select
    End With
End Sub

Anmärkningar:

1. I koden, ändra objekt under varje enskilt fall efter behov.

2. ddmat och ddCategory bör matcha de bokmärkesalternativ som du angav i ovanstående två Listruta Alternativ för formulärfält dialogrutor.

7. Spara koden och gå tillbaka till dokumentet.

8. Högerklicka på den första listrutan och klicka Våra Bostäder att öppna Listruta Alternativ för formulärfält dialog ruta. I dialogrutan, välj ovanstående makronamn (här är Popolateddfood) från Utgång rullgardinsmenyn och klicka sedan på OK knapp.

9. Klicka nu Utvecklare > Begränsa redigering som nedan visas skärmdump.

10. I Begränsa redigering rutan måste du:

10.1) Kontrollera Tillåt endast denna typ av redigering i dokumentet låda;

10.2) Välj Fyll i formulär alternativ från listrutan;

10.3) Klicka på Ja, börja förstärka skyddet knapp;

10.4) I Börja genomdriva skydd dialogrutan, ange lösenordet och klicka på OK knapp. Se skärmdump:

Nu skapas en beroende rullgardinslista. När du väljer Frukt i den första rullgardinsmenyn kan endast fruktkategorierna väljas i den andra.

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Comments (32)
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This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi there,

I have managed to follow the steps, thanks for your help.

I can't find my code when pressing Alt+F11 though? My drop downs are still there but I can't find the back coding?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Crystal, thanks for the tutorial, it was useful and well written. Is it possible to add a third dropdown list with options that change depending on what is selected from the second dropdown list?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi Jack,

You can add a third drop-down list with options that change depending on what is selected from the second drop-down list. But you need to insert another "Drop-Down Form Field" and a new VBA code in advance.
1. Follow the steps from 1 to 4 in the post to create the first and second drop-down list and modify the properties.
2. Insert the third Drop-Down Form Field, double click to open it's Properties dialog box, enter a name in the Bookmark textbox (the same as the operation for the first and second drop-down lists) , in this case, I made up a random name called ddTaste, and then click OK.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down1.png
3. Open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window, enter the VBA code provided in the article into the Module1. Then insert a new Module (called Module2), copy and paste the following VBA code into this Module2.
VBA code: Use for the third dependent drop-down list

Sub PopulateddTaste()
Select Case ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddCategory").Result
Case "Apple"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "AA"
.Add "BB"
End With
Case "Banana"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "CC"
.Add "DD"
End With
Case "Peach"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "EE"
.Add "FF"
End With
Case "Lychee"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "GG"
.Add "HH"
End With
Case "Watermelon"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "II"
.Add "JJ"
End With
Case "Cabbage"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "LL"
.Add "MM"
End With
Case "Onion"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "OO"
.Add "PP"
End With
Case "Pork"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "QQ"
.Add "RR"
End With
Case "Beef"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "SS"
.Add "TT"
End With
Case "Mutton"
With ActiveDocument.FormFields("ddTaste").DropDown.ListEntries
.Clear
.Add "UU"
.Add "VV"
End With
End Select
End Sub

Note: In the code, AA, BB, CC... are the items you want to show in the third drop-down list, based on what was selected from the second drop-down list. For example, when you select "Apple" in the second drop-down, the third drop-down list will display the items AA and BB. Please modify this items to meet your needs.
4. Save the code and go back to the document. Follow the step 8 in the article to specify the macro for the first drop-down.
5. Double click the second drop-down list, choose "PopulateddTaste" in the Exist drop-down list.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down2.png
6. Then follow the step 8 to restrict editing in this document.
Now you have create a three level drop-down list.
https://www.extendoffice.com/images/stories/comments/comment-picture-zxm/word-drop-down3.gif
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thanks for getting back to me, your time and help is appreciated.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hallo,

ist das ganze auch unter Outlook möglich. Leider bekomme ich das so nicht hin da die Eigenschaften des Dropdown Menüs ganz anders aussehen.

Ich wollte unter Aufgaben einen Reparaturauftrag erstellen wo man Gebäude,Bereich und dan Zimmernummer oder Bezeichnung auwählen kann.

Ist das möglich in Outlook/Aufgaben?



Danke
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi,
You can create a drop-down list with custom field in Outlook Task window by following the steps in this article:
How To Add A Drop Down List With Custom Filed In Outlook Task Window?
https://www.extendoffice.com/documents/outlook/4453-outlook-custom-fields-tasks-drop-down.html
Or create a drop-down list in word then copy and paste it into the Task window as you need.
But if you want to create dependent drop-down lists in Outlook Task, no method has been found yet.
Sorry about that.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, many thx for the detailed tutorial, but I have a question since the word template is for others' use. You mentioned protecting mode and a password is a must, this can do if I tell them the password, then there is a conflict: there are some other blanks which are needed to be filled in, this cannot be done only if the protecting mode is off. What should I do? Is there any method to meet both 2 needs?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hi, thx for the detailed tutorial, but I have a question since the word template is for others' use, 
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
This was extremely helpful, thank you.
I have a question, is there a way to modify the code so that when I select a new item from the first drop-down list, the dependent one will clear up?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Sorry for the late reply, only stumbled upon this page today :-)
It already does that. The first statement inside the Select case ... End select construction clears the second list. If none of the criteria are met, nothing is added.
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Hello, for some reason I cannot modify anything else in the word file if the drop down list is active. Is there a way to avoid that?

Thank you
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I have the same issue has anyone been able to help on this one
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
سلام من همه مراحل رو رفتم ولی درآخر وقتی از لیست اول یه استان رو انتخاب می کنم تویه لیست دوم فقط شهر های اون استان رو نمیاره
چیکار باید بکنم؟
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I am using this same code however the text that I replacing the ddcategory with has 100 plus words. Is there anyway to wrap the text to prevent it from going off of the page and disappearing?
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
I have the same problem!! :0
This comment was minimized by the moderator on the site
Thank you for this very useful resource.

Is it possible to repeat the same dependent drop down multiple times within a form?

I need the form filler to assign a category to each new row (but with the same options each time).I have successfully created the drop downs but when I restrict editing to test they seem to reset themselves as I work down the rows.

Thanks
Amy
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